Hoist Brakes or Holding Brakes

Hoist brakes are essential for crane safety

Hoist brakes are an essential safety feature of overhead cranes. Designed to hold a load when the hoist motor is not running, these brakes reduce the risk of falling loads that could result in injury and property damage.

This section specifies the performance requirements of hoist, or holding, brakes. It also calls for an additional control braking mechanism to prevent overspeeding – that is, to prevent hoists from exceeding a predetermined operating speed.

The Konecranes technical team can help you in your efforts to maintain a safe, productive operation by inspecting your equipment and performing needed service.

OSHA 1910.179 Overhead & Gantry Cranes Regulations

(the following excerpt taken directly from OSHA 1910.179)

Brakes for hoists

Each independent hoisting unit of a crane shall be equipped with at least one self-setting brake, hereafter referred to as a holding brake, applied directly to the motor shaft or some part of the gear train.

Each independent hoisting unit of a crane, except worm-geared hoists, the angle of whose worm is such as to prevent the load from accelerating in the lowering direction shall, in addition to a holding brake, be equipped with control braking means to prevent overspeeding.

Holding brakes

1. Holding brakes for hoist motors shall have not less than the following percentage of the full load hoisting torque at the point where the brake is applied.

125 percent when used with a control braking means other than mechanical.

100 percent when used in conjunction with a mechanical control braking means.

100 percent each if two holding brakes are provided.

2. Holding brakes on hoists shall have ample thermal capacity for the frequency of operation required by the service.

3. Holding brakes on hoists shall be applied automatically when power is removed.

4. Where necessary holding brakes shall be provided with adjustment means to compensate for wear.

5. The wearing surface of all holding-brake drums or discs shall be smooth.

6. Each independent hoisting unit of a crane handling hot metal and having power control braking means shall be equipped with at least two holding brakes.

Konecranes’ global team of service technicians is always ready to answer your call to inspect and service your lifting equipment. They can determine if the braking systems of your hoists are operating up to specifications and make necessary repairs or replacements to raise the safety and productivity of your operation.


*The foregoing OSHA regulations are not intended to be a comprehensive overview of all applicable regulations pertaining to the designated topic.  State laws may mandate different safety and maintenance standards.  Accordingly, please consult applicable state laws as well as original equipment manufacturer specifications for further guidance.  The statements and descriptions contained herein constitute the opinion/recommendation of the seller and are not intended to create any express warranties.