OSHA Frequent Inspections policy and procedures
Daily operation wears on critical crane components. Over time, this may lead to breakdown and even catastrophic failure—particularly without regular inspections. Through regular inspections, crane users can spot potential problems so they can perform maintenance and repairs that may preclude employee injury and costly interruptions in service.
Konecranes offers training for users of all makes of overhead lifting equipment. This includes hands-on instruction in performing frequent inspections of critical crane components that are subject to daily wear.
OSHA 1910.179 Overhead & Gantry Cranes Regulations
The following excerpt is taken directly from OSHA 1910.179.*
- Initial inspection. Prior to initial use all new and altered cranes shall be inspected to insure compliance with the provisions of this section.
- Inspection procedure for cranes in regular service is divided into two general classifications based upon the intervals at which inspection should be performed. The intervals in turn are dependent upon the nature of the critical components of the crane and the degree of their exposure to wear, deterioration, or malfunction. The two general classifications are herein designated as "frequent" and "periodic" with respective intervals between inspections as defined below:
- Frequent inspection - Daily to monthly intervals.
- Periodic inspection - 1 to 12-month intervals.
The following items shall be inspected for defects at intervals as defined in paragraph (J)(1)(ii) of this section or as specifically indicated, including observation during operation for any defects which might appear between regular inspections. All deficiencies such as listed shall be carefully examined and determination made as to whether they constitute a safety hazard:
- All functional operating mechanisms for maladjustment interfering with proper operation. Daily.
- Deterioration or leakage in lines, tanks, valves, drain pumps, and other parts of air or hydraulic systems. Daily.
- Hooks with deformation or cracks. Visual inspection daily; monthly inspection with a certification record which includes the date of inspection, the signature of the person who performed the inspection and the serial number, or other identifier, of the hook inspected. For hooks with cracks or having more than 15 percent in excess of normal throat opening or more than 10 twist from the plane of the unbent hook refer to paragraph (L)(3)(iii)(a) of this section.
- Hoist chains, including end connections, for excessive wear, twist, distorted links interfering with proper function, or stretch beyond manufacturer's recommendations. Visual inspection daily; monthly inspection with a certification record which includes the date of inspection, the signature of the person who performed the inspection and an identifier of the chain which was inspected.
- All functional operating mechanisms for excessive wear of components.
- Rope reeving for noncompliance with manufacturer's recommendations.
Our CARE Preventive/Predictive Maintenance program has been designed to improve your equipment safety and productivity with preventive maintenance inspections, compliance inspections and routine maintenance.
*The foregoing OSHA regulations are not intended to be a comprehensive overview of all applicable regulations pertaining to the designated topic. State laws may mandate different safety and maintenance standards. Accordingly, please consult applicable state laws as well as original equipment manufacturer specifications for further guidance. The statements and descriptions contained herein constitute the opinion/recommendation of the seller and are not intended to create any express warranties.